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KAFR HASSAN DAWOOD On-Line

View the Printer Friendly Version of this Page THE UNESCO TRAINING PROGRAMME
The main objective of the UNESCO World Heritage Fund training programme was to provide on-site acquisition of archaeological skill and experience in the course of a “real” archaeological project. This unique opportunity was made possible by the collaboration of several institutions and a vision of training that is not limited to contact between instructors and trainees in a classroom situation away from site, or at a location where they attend and leave.

The training programme consisted of three parts. In Part I, the trainees were introduced to the fundamentals of surveying, mapping, surface collection, geophysical techniques, and excavation. In part II, they attend lectures in a Lecture Hall at the site equipped with an overhead projector, a slide projector, and a white board. In the Third Part, the students, having gained specialized information in specific subjects were equipped to go back to the site to apply their newly acquired knowledge where they were guided by the tutors.

The objectives also included providing the students with a tool kit, which they kept, after the completion of the training programme. They were also provided by hand-outs and technical modules.

In the field, work also continued on the preparation of ‘An Archaeology Field Guide’ in Arabic. The field guide is extracted from a larger work now in preparation by Prof. Hassan and G. J. Tassie.

It was also emphasized throughout the programme the importance of international conventions for the protection of world archaeological heritage and methods of cultural heritage management. Specific attention was paid to the scope, role and mechanics of the World Heritage Convention.

The details of the training programme are as follows:

UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE FUND
TRAINING PROGRAMME
1998/9 KAFR HASSAN DAWOOD, EAST DELTA, EGYPT


PART 1

FIELD METHODOLOGY I


Instructors: Staff

Fundamentals of Excavation methods
Basic Concepts
      Grid
      Operation
      Locus/Context
      Lot
      Level
      Feature
      Artefact
      Special Finds
      Stratum, Strata, Stratification
   Mapping
   Drawing Sections
   Drawing Plans
   Identification of Sediments
   Microstratigraphy


PART II

TRAINING PROGRAMME LECTURES


Instructional Schedule

   10:00-12:00 AM
   13:00-15:00 PM

THEME 1

Instructor: Prof. Fekri A. Hassan

Archaeological Excavations and Surveying

   Objectives
   Sites and Society
   From Settlements to Sites
   Organizing Archaeological Expeditions


THEME 2

Instructor: Prof. Fekri A. Hassan

Cultural Heritage Management

   UNESCO 1970 & 72 World Cultural Heritage Conventions (Scope, role, mechanisms)
   1995 UNIDROIT Convention
   Recommendation on International Principles Applicable to Archaeological Excavations


THEME 3

Instructor: Dr. M. Abdel Rahman

Surveying

   Introduction to topographic maps
   Establishing a datum and levelling
   Surveying Equipment
      The Brunton Compass
      The Automatic Level
      The Transit/Theodolite
      The Alidade
   Global Positioning System (GPS)

THEME 4

Instructor: Dr. Hala Barakat

Environmental Archaeology

   Plants in archaeological sites
   Field recovery of plant remains
   Seeds and Fruits
   Wood
   Phytoliths and other plant remains
   Climate and Vegetation

THEME 5

Instructors: Prof. Simon Hillson and Dr. Teri L. Tucker

Excavation and Field Study of Human Skeletal Remains

   Bioarchaeology
   Bones of the human skeleton
   Determination of sex and age
   Evidence of accidents, disease, deformities, and work-related anomalies
   Teeth


THEME 6

Instructor: Ashraf El-Senoussi

Field Description and Analysis of Pottery

   Methods of manufacture
   Attribute Analysis
      Colour
      Temper
      Surface
      Decoration
   Pottery and Society (Gender, Social Organization)
   Seriation
   Residues
   Design Analysis


THEME 7

Instructor: Amanda Sutherland

Field Conservation in Archaeology

   Causes of decay and deterioration of artefacts
   Post-excavation environment and deterioration
   Assessment of the condition of artefacts
   Description of the condition of artefacts
   Mending
   Equipment
   Stabilization and Consolidation
   Lifting and Recovery in the Field
   Packing and Removal

THEME 8

Instructor: Ken Walton

Field Photography in Archaeology

   Equipment
   Taking Pictures
      Film types
      Shutter speed
      Aperture
      Depth of Field
   The Photographic Log
   Special Tasks
      Excavations
      Stratigraphic Profiles
      Panoramas
      Objects
      Studio Lighting
   Recent Advances in Field Photography (Digital Photography)

THEME 9

Instructor: Professor Adel Yehia

Remote Sensing and Space Archaeology

   Aerial Photographs
   Mosaics
   Satellite Images
   Satellite Imaging Radar
   Image Processing

THEME 10

Instructor: Professor Adel Yehia

Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

PART III

FIELD METHODOLOGY II
(Staff)

   Archives
   Curation
   Preparation of Report
   Drafting
   Photocopy
   Typing
   Editing
   Production


Figure 30. The northern area of excavations at KHD looking north with site photographer Ken Walton in the centre of the photgraph.


Figure 31. Panoramic view of the site looking West.


Figure 32. A misty dawn start to work, the site of KHD looking East from the roof of the Excavation centre.


Figure 33. View of the southern part of the Western Cemetery looking South.


Figure 34. Northern wing of the Field Archaeology Research and Training Centre


Figure 35. View of the excavated southern part of the Western Cemetery looking West.

Acknowledgements

The 1998/9, UNESCO Training Programme could not have been achieved without Professor Gaballa A. Gaballa’s determination and personal interest in developing a training programme to safeguard Egyptian cultural resources. His directives and frequent interventions, including a visit to the site, have been effective in facilitating our task. We are also indebted to Dr. M. Abdel- Maksoud, who was enthusiastic and supportive of the project. His frequent visits to the site and intimate knowledge of the threats to Egyptian cultural heritage, and his efforts to minimise bureaucratic entanglements are most appreciated. We are also thankful and grateful to Professor Peter Ucko, Director of the Institute of Archaeology, UCL, who has a keen interest in the protection and management of the world’s cultural heritage, and who has been instrumental in encouraging the active participation of the staff and students from the Institute of Archaeology in the current project. We are also thankful to Prof. Adel Yehia for logistic support and for making available the resources of his prestigious scientific institution, the Egyptian National Remote Sensing Centre and Space Sciences.

The training project was first discussed with Mr. L. Lévi-Strauss, and we are most grateful for welcoming our initiative. We are also most grateful to Dr. Georges S. Zouain, UNESCO World Cultural Heritage, for advice and support. We are especially grateful to the National Geographic Society, the Institute of Archaeology, and the Bioanthropology Foundation for financial support.

We are also grateful to the training staff for their patience and enthusiastic dedication under difficult field conditions. We are also appreciative and heartened by the great interest and willingness to learn.
 All material © Copyright of Fekri A. Hassan 2003.
 Last Updated: 17th August 2003