KAFR HASSAN DAWOOD On-Line

PARTICIPATING AGENCIES AND RESOURCE PERSONNEL
In addition to resource persons from the Institute of Archaeology, University College London, resource persons were recruited from Cairo University, Uppsala University (Sweden), the Egyptian National Remote Sensing Centre and Space Sciences (ENRSCS), Lund University (Sweden) and the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities.

Field personnel include, the Principal Investigator (Site Director) who plans and oversees all field operations in accordance with the research design, the Site Supervisor who is directly responsible for the day-to-day implementation of the strategic plans and all field procedures; the Field Manager who is responsible for logistical necessities; Area Supervisors who are responsible for the excavation and overall recording of their assigned excavation area; Area Finds Recorders who are responsible for the recording of all finds discovered in their area; Square Supervisors who are responsible for the excavation of their unit within each area, and who work very closely with the Area Supervisor and Finds Recorder to record the information gathered. The supervisors participate and oversee the excavation together with other archaeologists, assistants and workers. Drawn from nearby villages, the workers assist with the removal of overburden, sterile layers, and digging under close supervision. Working together with the supervisors are specialists such as bioanthropologists, ceramologists, geoarchaeologists, archaeobotanists, etc. who are responsible for their own specialist area.

In 1995, Nancy Lovell (University of Alberta) served as the Field Supervisor and Physical Anthropologist. In 1996, 1998, 1998/9, and 1999 Dr. Teri Tucker (Ohio State University) and Prof. Simon Hillson (University College London), served as the project’s Physical Anthropologists (bioarchaeologist). In addition to the study of all the skeletal material excavated during the 1995-1996 seasons, Hillson and Tucker obtained valuable information on 33 graves from the previous excavations that were left in the ground. Prof. Simon Hillson provided advice and discussion on skeletal and dental remains across the site, including strategy for excavation, identification and interpretation of material. He also taught several courses covering the study of human remains in archaeology. In 1996, 1998, 1998/9 and 1999, G. J. Tassie took over the role of Site Supervisor, devising a special recording system for the site, and helping in the teaching of the students in the field. He also gave general advice on methodological problems, including strategy, identification, interpretation and practice.

A topographic map of the site was prepared by Professor Paul Sinclair (University of Uppsala) and Dr. Mohammed Abdel-Rahman Hamden (Cairo University). A programme of drilling and geophysical exploration was undertaken by Sinclair, Abdel-Rahman and a team from Lund University, Sweden. The methods included Ground Penetrating Radar, Magnetometry and Electric Resistivity. Dr. Hala Barakat (Cairo University) served as the project’s Archaeobotanist. However, because of the high water table and the oxygenated water circulation a high rate of decay of organic matter exists on the site, and organic remains are very rare. This is indicated by the generally poor preservation of skeletal remains and stains of manganese oxides. In 1995, 1998 and 1998/9 Ashraf El-Senoussi worked with the pottery sorting and analysis. In 1996 Annette Kjølby (Hague University) investigated the ceramics from the site and in 1998 co-operated with Ashraf El-Senoussi in the ceramic analysis. These pottery reports have subsequently been collated by Joris van Wetering (Leiden University) and G. J. Tassie, who are compiling the final pottery report.



Figure 76. Dr. Hala Barakat examining the archaeobotanical remains from KHD.



Figure 77. The 1998/9 Team, back row from left to right: Nassrallah Fat-hi Kilany, Joris van Wetering, Ashraf El-Senoussi, Ashraf Kamel Hussein, Prof. Simon Hillson, Dr. Teri Tucker, Dr. Mohammed Abdel-Rahman Hamden, Prof. Fekri Hassan, Ragab Hussieny Hassan, Kazimir Czerwinski, Gen. Mohammed Serwee, Bram Calcoen, Hiroshi Hirayama, G. J. Tassie, Amanda Sutherland, Ken Walton. Front row: Richard Lee, Dr. Eric Kansa, Hisham El-Sayed Khattab, Serena Languasco, Mustafha Nour El-Dean, Dr. Hala Barakat, Joanne M. Rowland and Melissa Zabecki.

Data from the 1990 to 1995 seasons were provided by Mr. Mohammed Salem Al-Hangouri, and was used, by Mr. Ahmed Saleh (SCA), to develop a computerised database using Lotus 1-2-3. This provided for a preliminary exploration of the characteristics, distribution and frequency of grave goods and burial orientation, size and shape. In 1998 this database was expanded and modified by Ms. Joanne M. Rowland (UCL), on Microsoft Excel, to include all the data from the new project directed by Prof. Fekri A. Hassan. The first attempts at preparing a Geographic Information System (GIS) were undertaken by Ahmed Obeid (SCA), who was sent to Uppsala, Sweden for training. The GIS has subsequently been up-dated and modified by Ms Joanne M. Rowland using Archview. The results of Ms. Rowland’s analysis of the site will shortly be completed and available in her Ph.D. thesis.

In order to maximise the learning process, Egyptian archaeologists and conservators were conjoined with counterparts from different countries (Belgium, Italy, Kosovo, Peru, Eire, Sweden, Canada, Denmark, Malta, USA, Japan, Netherlands, and the UK) in order to enhance information dissemination and develop language skills among participants. The personnel that have participated in the project, since its initiation in 1995, have included:

Position Name, Institution, Years at KHD
Site Director: Prof. Fekri A. Hassan (UCL) 95, 96, 98, 98/9, 99
Site Supervisor: Mr. G. J. Tassie (UCL) 95, 96, 98, 98/9, 99
Archaeological Management: Dr. Mohammed Ibrahim Hamdi Hafez (ZU) 95, 96
Gen. Mohammed Serwee 98, 98/9, 99
Archaeologists Ms. Ream El Ashmawy (UCL) 95
Ms. Veerle (Bram) Calcoen (LU) 95, 96, 98, 98/9
Mr. Ian Casey (UCL) 95
Mr. Kazimir Czerwinski (WSU) 96, 98, 98/9
Ms. Maybeline Gormley (UCL) 96
Mr. Hiroshi Hirayama (UCL) 98/9
Mr. Ashraf Kamel Hussein (SCA) 95, 96, 98, 98/9, 99
Mr. Hisham El-Sayed Khattab (SCA) 95, 96, 98, 98/9, 99
Mr. Ragab Hussieny Hassan (SCA) 98, 98/9
Mrs Sawsan Ibrahim (SCA) 95, 96
Mr. Eric Kansa (HU) 98/9
Mr. Nassrallah Fat-hi Kilany (SCA) 95, 96, 98, 98/9, 99
Mr. Richard Lee (UCL) 98, 98/9
Dr. Lynn Meskell (Cam. U) 95
Ms. Engjëllushë Morina (UCL) 98
Mr. Mustafha Nour El-Dean (SCA) 96, 98, 98/9, 99
Mr. Ahmed Obeid (SCA) 95, 96
Ms. Veronica Pena Dela Jara (UCL) 95
Mr. Neil Robson (UCL) 96
Ms. Joanne M. Rowland (UCL) 98, 98/9, 99
Mr. Ahmed Saleh (SCA) 95
Mr. Soliman Mohammed El-Sayed (SCA) 95, 96, 98, 98/9, 99
Ms. Aloisa De Trafford (UCL) 98
Mr. Joris van Wetering (UL) 98/9, 99
Conservators: Ms. Amanda Sutherland (UCL) 98/9, 99
Mr. Insaf Mohamed Gharazi (SCA) 95
Mr. Ragab Abul-Hassan Mohamed (SCA) 95, 96, 98, 98/9, 99
Mr. Walid Kamil Ali (SCA) 95, 96, 98, 98/9, 99
Mrs. Illashi M. Illashi (SCA) 95, 96, 98, 98/9
Physical Anthropologists: Dr. Teri L. Tucker (OSU) 96, 98, 98/9, 99
Dr. Simon Hillson (UCL) 96, 98, 98/9
Ms. Melissa Zabecki (UA) 98, 98/9
Dr. Nancy Lovell (U Al) 95
Ms. Tracy Prowse (U Al.) 95
Mr. Andrew Johnson (U Al) 95
Geoarchaeologists: Dr. Mohammed Abdel-Rahman Hamden (CU) 95, 96, 98, 98/9, 99
Remote Sensing & Geophysics Prof. Paul Sinclair (UU) 96
Dr. J. Sundström (UU) 96
Dr. T. Dahlin (Lu. U) 96
Mr. P. Wallin (UU) 96
Ms. Sofia Häggman (UU) 96
Dr. M. Petrén (UU) 96
Mr. C. Bernstone (Lu. U) 96
Mr. L. Bjulemar (Lu. U) 96
Mr. W. Boutrous (SCA) 96
GIS and Space Archaeology: Prof. Adel Yehia (ENRSCS) 98/9
Ceramologists: Mr. Ashraf El-Senoussi (SCA) 95, 98, 98/9
Ms. Annette Kjølby (Ha.U) 96, 98
Archaeobotanists: Dr. Hala Barakat (CU) 95, 96, 98, 98/9, 99
Archaeological Photography: Ken Walton (UCL) 98, 98/9
Draftspersons: Mr. Eslam Serwee (CU) 99
Ahmed Effat (CU) 98, 98/9
Serena Languasco (C. St. M) 98/9


Key:
Institutions:
U Al. = University of Alberta
UCL = University College London
SCA = Supreme Council of Antiquities (Cairo)
CU = Cairo University
Le. U = Lund University
LU = Leuven University
Cam. U = Cambridge University
Ha.U = Hague University
HU = Harvard University
UA = University of Arkansas
UL = University of Leiden
URV = Universitat Rovira i Virgili
WSU = Washington State University
OSU = Ohio State University
UU = Uppsala University
ZU = Zagazig University
C. St. M = Central St. Martins College
Egyptian National Remote Sensing Centre and Space Sciences = ENRSCS




Figure 78 & 79. The 1996 Team in the field.





Figure 80. Dinner at KHD, with Prof. Fekri Hassan at the head of the table.



Figure 81. Support staff in the kitchen: Wafa and Om Mohammed.



Figure 82 & 83. Workers from squares 106 & 107.

 All material © Copyright of Fekri A. Hassan 2003.Site By Blue Nile 
 Last Updated: 17th August 2003