KAFR HASSAN DAWOOD
|A STRATEGY FOR FURTHER RESEARCH|
From the results of this past seasonís programme of test pits, it is proposed that two areas of operation be opened up for excavation next season, as well as a series of intensive auguring. It is proposed that Operation A be directly in front of the Archaeological Field and Research Centre, in the area already prepared. This area continues West from Square 109, and then turns South along the western side of the area excavated in 1990/1. This area will comprise of four new 10 m2 squares: 121, 122, 123 and 124.
The other area, Operation B, will be a 60 metre North-South by 20 metre East-West trench continuing North from Square 106 and 41, up to the edge of the floodplain. This is the passageway found by the test pitting through the two modern cemeteries. This trench will involve opening up units A & B of 106 and 41, and excavating twelve new 10 m2 squares: 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135 and 136. This will hopefully reveal the earliest graves within the cemetery, which have been hypothesised as being placed along the course of the floodplain in the low desert. This hypothesis has been formulated by comparison with other contemporary sites, as well as the actual intra-spatial drift of the KHD cemetery itself. This proposed trench is also on the projected line of the largest and richest graves within the cemetery at KHD, which runs through the middle of the cemetery on a North-South axis. However, three-quarters of this proposed trench is at present under the spoil from the 1991/2 SCA excavations. Therefore, a week before the whole team is flown out to Egypt, it is proposed that a small two person advance team go and organise the mechanical removal over this overburden, by pushing it onto the old SCA excavations, at the same time backfilling the area.
To trace the exact course of the floodplain, it is suggested that a series of augers be implemented along the suspected course, to see if this is correct, and then possibly sink some test pits to look for any traces of ancient human activity.
It is also planned to hold a large bioarchaeology fieldschool at KHD to train many students in the various methods, practice and theory. The skeletal material from both the early cemetery and the later (Late Period to Ptolemaic) cemetery will be used during this fieldschool.